雅思阅读:怎样简化长句信息?

来源:上海超级学长 时间:2020-07-17 13:53:10

   为了让大家更好的备考雅思阅读,今天小编将为大家分享一句精选的雅思阅读长难句,希望能帮助大家厘清一些英文句法难点,积累常用表达。

  本期精句

  Eliminating the secrecy surrounding pay by openly communicating everyone’s remuneration, publicizing performance bonuses and allocating annual salary increases in a lump sum rather than spreading them out over an entire year are examples of actions that will make rewards more visible and potentially more motivating.

  句子分析

  首先讲修饰性成分标记起来

  【Eliminating the secrecy surrounding pay by openly communicating everyone’s remuneration,】

  publicizing performance bonuses

  and allocating annual salary increases in a lump sum

  rather than spreading them out over an entire year

  are examples of actions

  【that will make rewards more visible and potentially more motivating.】

  排除掉括号的部分,剩下的就是主干。

  Publicizing performance bonuses

  and allocating annual salary increases in a lump sum

  rather than spreading them out over an entire year

  are examples of actions

  简化主干:

  Doing A and doing B rather than doing C are examples of action.

  做A和B是examples of action

  然后加上action 的修饰:【that will make rewards more visible and potentially more motivating.】翻译为(使得奖励更透明,更具潜在激励性的)做法。

  全句翻译:

  通过公开每个人的薪资来消除围绕工资的秘密,公开业绩奖金,并将全年的工资增加部分一次性分配,而不是平均分配在一年里,这些例子就是使得奖励更透明,更具潜在激励性的做法。

  同类型句式翻译练习

  About the same time, a French chemistry student called Charles Sauria produced the first “strike-anywhere” match by substituting white phosphorus for the potassium chlorate in the Walker formula.

  Instead of using timber, stone and traditional building techniques, architects began to explore ways of creating buildings by using the latest technology and materials such as steel, glass and concrete strengthened steel bars, known as reinforced concrete.

  It celebrated scientific and engineering achievements by openly parading the sophisticated techniques used in construction.

  Like the Modernists, people today recognize that a well-designed environment improves the quality of life but is not necessarily achieved by adopting one well defined style of architecture.

  词汇积累

  Eliminate根除 淘汰

  例:Recent measures have not eliminated discrimination in employment.

  最近的举措还未能根除就业歧视。

  例:...the prohibition and elimination of chemical weapons.

  …对化学武器的禁止和销毁。

  例:I was eliminated from the 400 metres in the semi-finals.

  我在400米半决赛中被淘汰了。

  Remuneration 报酬; 酬金 [正式]

  例:...the continuing marked increases in the remuneration of the company's directors.

  …公司主管们薪酬的持续显著增加。

  Publicize 宣传; 公布

  例:The author appeared on television to publicize her latest book.

  作者出现在电视上宣传她的新书。

  例:He never publicized his plans.

  他从未将他的计划公之于众。

  Allocate v. 分配

  例:Tickets are limited and will be allocated to those who apply first.

  票数有限,将分配给那些先申请的人。

  例:The 1985 federal budget allocated $7.3 billion for development programmes.

  1985年联邦预算拨了73亿美元用于开发项目。

  Visible 可见的

  例:The warning lights were clearly visible.

  警示灯清晰可见。

  明显的

  例:The most visible sign of the intensity of the crisis is unemployment.

  危机加剧的最明显迹象是失业情况。

  (文章转载自公众号:上海超级学长)

  相关推荐上海新航道雅思一对一VIP课程

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